Promoting Integrated Mountain Safety in Northern Pakistan (PIMSNP)
|APPROVED DATE||March 19, 2019|
|EST. IMPLEMENTATION PERIOD||18 Months|
|START DATE||July 24, 2019|
|END DATE||January 23, 2021|
According to Pakistan’s National Disaster Management Plan, the country is exposed to multiple hazards including earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, sediments (landslides), cyclones, droughts, global lake outburst floods (GLOFs), and avalanches. The National Flood Protection Plan IV further states that the ‘physiographic variation (in Pakistan) results in different types of flooding like flash, riverine, glacial outburst, coastal and urban flooding’. Within Pakistan, the disaster risk vulnerability of mountain communities in northern Pakistan including Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP), is especially acute as these areas ‘are distinguished by high slopes and elevations associated with Himalayan and Karakorum ranges which lead to flash flooding in foothills and GLOFs in the upper areas’. The earthquake in 2005, the torrential rains and Attabad Landslide in 2010, the floods and earthquake in 2015, and the recent GLOF event in 2018 resulted in loss of human lives and massive destruction of public and private properties. The increasing frequency of such events strongly suggests that rather than responding, rehabilitating and rebuilding in post-disaster situations, a pre-emptive approach of investing ineffective mechanisms for disaster preparedness is more important than ever before.
To address these issues, the Aga Khan Foundation Pakistan (AKFP), along with its implementing partner, the Aga Khan Planning and Building Service, Pakistan (now known by its new name, the Aga Khan Agency for Habitat, or AKAH), is proposing an integrated, multi-input program which will help to ensure that people living in the mountains of northern Pakistan are as safe as possible from the effects of natural disasters. Drawing from its formal engagement with government departments, and building on its achievements in disaster risk management stretching over two decades; AKFP proposes to undertake disaster risk reduction and mitigation interventions in Six (6) mountainous districts: Chitral and Mansehra in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Ghanche, Skardu, Gilgit, and Hunza, in Gilgit-Baltistan. All target districts fall under Phase I or Phase II of the National Disaster Management Plan.
The project will take a two-pronged approach. Firstly, the project will enhance the protection of men, women and children from the effects of natural disasters on human habitats. Secondly, the project will enhance the ability of communities and government authorities to respond effectively to natural disasters.
AKFP will adopt a community-centric approach grounded in the principles of equity for marginalized groups/individuals and sustainability. The community-centric approach is based on two tiers’ social mobilization model comprised of village Organizations at the Village level and Local Support organizations (LSOs) at the union council level. Where required, environmental assessments will be conducted to ensure that all project interventions cause minimal or no harm to the environment. Apart from an environmental sensitivity, the project also recognizes the socio-cultural inequalities and uneven power dynamics that are inbuilt in most social settings. Special attention will be given to understand the challenges, needs, and capacities of the vulnerable individuals and groups in the project’s target areas. Maximum efforts will be made to ensure that they not only become active agents in planning for their community/household disaster risks but also develop capacities to cope with crises and disaster shocks with minimal impacts on their quality of life.
Additionally, recognizing that gender inequality are manifested in relation to disasters, all the project outcomes and outputs are aligned to promote gender equity, and gender mainstreaming is ensured both in the planning and implementing of the project activities through specific gender action plans. For instance, the project field teams, which will be gender-balanced, will organize dedicated consultation sessions with women in the target communities to ensure that women’s views on disaster history, vulnerability, and intervention design are fully heard. The focus on gender sensitivity will ensure that women are aware of their disaster risks and take a key role in effective risk assessment, early warning, and disaster response and recovery actions. Overall, the project’s focus on gender equity will not only ensure that women participate in planning to reduce their disaster risk vulnerability, but also have opportunities to make key decisions for their long-term development. AKFP will also ensure that the project activities incorporate people with disabilities at every stage of implementation, from design through to evaluation.
The project, known as Promoting Integrated Mountain Safety in Northern Pakistan (PIMSNP) will be led by a Project Support Unit at AKFP’s office in Islamabad, whose project management and technical experts will oversee and provide strategic guidance to the implementation team at AKAH. Where possible, local and national human resources will be prioritized over international staff.
LOCATION & PEOPLE
KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, GB
MANSEHRA, CHITRAL, GILGIT, HUNZA, SKARDU AND GHANCHE
Financing: PUBLIC – PRIVATE
Project Size: SMALL (50-100) – MEDIUM (100-500) – LARGE (>500)
|NDRMF Share||PKR 579.6 million|
|FIP Share||PKR 254.9 million|
*Price is tentative and converted into USD @ 140 PKR*