Strengthening Tsunami and Earthquake Preparedness in Coastal Areas of Sindh Province


APPROVED DATE December 04, 2019
START DATE April 01, 2020
END DATE March 31, 2021


The coast of Pakistan has a varied topography that includes sandy beaches, headlands, mudflats, rocky cliffs, bays, and deltas. The climate along the northern coastlines of the Arabian Sea is arid to semi-arid. Tropical cyclones affect the coastlines of Pakistan and India more frequently than the coasts of Oman and Iran; however, there have been incidents when the coastlines of Oman and Iran were severely affected by cyclones. Some of the examples in this regard are Cyclones Gonu and Phet which wreaked havoc in 2007 and 2010 respectively.

Pakistan has a 1,150 km long coastline of which 550 km lies within Sindh province. Sindh has a variety of towns and small cities on the coast and along the creeks of the Indus Delta. Karachi, a city with a population of about 16 million, the capital of Sindh province and economic hub of the country which drives the economic engine of the 6th most populous nation in the world, also lies on the coastal belt of Sindh Province. The 16 million population along with million others living along the coastal areas of Sindh are vulnerable to the devastating effects of cyclones and tsunamis, these natural hazards can inflict serious damages to the communities living in these areas in a relatively short amount of time. Pakistan’s National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has identified tsunamis and cyclones originating in the northern Indian Ocean as key threats to the Sindh coastal belts.

The cyclone of 1999 had a serious impact on districts of Badin and Thatta as a result of which 168 lives were lost, 73 settlements were completely wiped out and about 0.6 million people were severely affected. “Yemyn” in 2007 had a much wider impact on 26 districts of Balochistan and Sindh and affected 2.5 million people and caused major losses in terms of human lives lost with the number reaching up to 400.

The main objective of the project “Strengthening tsunami and earthquake preparedness in coastal areas of Sindh” through the installation of Early Warning Systems and essential capacity development activities is to prepare the targeted communities to cope with the adverse impacts of tsunamis, earthquakes, and cyclones and to make the targeted communities aware of the necessary steps and actions to be taken in case any such disaster strikes the area. The proposed project will include installation of tsunami early warning systems in six coastal districts of Sindh (Badin, Thatta, Sajawal, Korangi, Karachi East and West).

It is estimated that in case a tsunami strikes the coastal areas of Sindh and Balochistan, the communities living along the coastal areas will have a maximum response time of about 7-8 minutes. In such a case, the time taken by the communities to respond to the disaster will become critically important to minimize the resulting damage. The installation of the said early warning equipment will serve to issue timely warnings to the coastal communities in order to provide the said communities with ample time to make necessary safety arrangements and actions, however, there is another important aspect to this situation, the provision of early warning system needs to be coupled with the awareness-raising component as it is equally important to prepare the communities to respond and to act upon the warnings issued by the early warning system. Otherwise, the effectiveness of the overall project i.e. to make the target communities better prepared for the effects of tsunamis and other related disasters would not be properly achieved. In this regard, there is a need for proper awareness-raising of the locals and communities by taking adequate and suitable measures so as the locals themselves become aware of the criticality of the situation and so that they themselves become the first responders to the disaster. The project objectives are also linked with NDMP – Intervention 4: Strategy 1, 3 & 4 which deal with the need to provide advanced early warning systems and proper dissemination of information related to the impending disasters such as tsunamis and cyclones. It is also observed that inequalities in society are often amplified at the time of disasters, and poor people, especially women, the elderly, and children, living along the coastal belts are particularly worst affected by the devastation brought upon by the disasters. To address these inequalities through the establishment of an early warning system, the proposed project will ensure timely and reliable tsunami forecasting and warnings that incorporate the needs of both women and men and will contribute to saving lives and property. The proposed project will further ensure inclusiveness through customized information, and awareness-raising. All sorts of IEC material shall be developed in Urdu, local language i.e. Sindhi. Furthermore, a detailed baseline will also be conducted to assess district and population-wise vulnerabilities, role of communities, needs of different genders, information dissemination mechanisms, and the role of institutions. This study will enable to establish benchmarks for assessing different parameters of vulnerabilities in relation to EWS and determining recommendations for future improvements.




Karachi East, Karachi West, Korangi, Badian, Thatta and Sajawal



Project Size: SMALL (50-100) – MEDIUM (100-500) – LARGE (>500)

NDRMF Share PKR 126.00 million
FIP Share PKR 54.00 million


Person of Contact

Syed Salman Shah

Director General

Provincial Disaster Management Authority PDMA Sindh

Plot 26-C, Main Khayaban-e-Jami Phase – 7, DHA ,Karachi.

Tel: +92[21] 99332701 – 2 Fax: +92[22] 9240555 Email:

Status as of 09th

*Batch I projects price is tentative and converted into USD @ 121.5 PKR*

*Batch II projects price is tentative and converted into USD @ 158 PKR*