Mitigation of Disaster Risks in Collaboration with NDRMF in Gilgit Baltistan
|APPROVED DATE||March 19, 2019|
|EST. IMPLEMENTATION PERIOD||18 Months|
|START DATE||November 28, 2019|
|END DATE||May 27, 2021|
The region of Gilgit-Baltistan spans over a large area comprising of three mighty mountain ranges i.e. Himalayas, Karakoram and the Hindu Kush. River Indus, Shyoke and Ghizer also traverse the region. The flooding in the adjoining areas of these rivers during the monsoon season renders the communities living in these adjoining areas extremely vulnerable to the risk of flooding and add on to the troubles that these people face. Moreover, the tough terrain of the region makes it hard for the local communities to cope with the adverse effects of disasters. Most of the localities and agricultural land situated along the banks of these rivers are vulnerable to naturally induced disasters in the form of landslides, land erosion caused by main rivers and their tributaries. The land erosion caused by the rivers is so severe that in the past it has resulted in massive damages in terms of loss of valuable agricultural land and human lives.
Gilgit-Baltistan as a whole is a disaster-prone region and is subjected to every possible kind of disaster except tsunami. However, the issue of floods (Riverine, Flash floods) remains the most devastating as the high flood levels in River Indus, Shyoke and Ghizer cause destruction in the adjoining areas during the monsoon.
In 2011, District Ghanche experienced a Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) as a result of which 120 houses were damaged and several acres of land was lost. In 2018, Parts of Ghizer district were flooded after a debris flow blocked part of the Immit River. The blockage formed a temporary lake which later on flooded 12 houses downstream and caused damages to the water supply lines and roads in the area, three villages were also cut off from the rest of the adjoining areas.
Actions are taken by Govt. of GB to reduce the magnitude of disaster and its adverse effects on life, property and socio-economic activities of the community living in flood-prone area but the Govt. of GB cannot meet the targets at its own without generous support from federal Government for regional and national level mitigation work. The proposed 81 Flood Mitigation works along the major rivers in GB will protect the communities and critical infrastructures from flood, landslide, and erosion, such large-scale mitigation works are beyond the financial capacity of Govt. of GB so resources should be provided to reduce the vulnerability of GB to the natural disasters.
LOCATION & PEOPLE
Gilgit, Skardu, Ghanche, Diamer, Ghizer, Astore, Nagar, Hunza, Shigar and Kharmang
Financing: PUBLIC – PRIVATE
Project Size: SMALL (50-100) – MEDIUM (100-500) – LARGE (>500)
|NDRMF Share||PKR 501.552 million|
|FIP Share||PKR 214.956 million|
*Price is tentative and converted into USD @ 140 PKR*